Starcoin Stdib’s Config Module | Starcoin

Starcoin's Stdlib

Starcoin has a very important feature: Stdlib.

Unlike Ethereum, account model in Starcoin, the data generated by the contract is stored dispersedly in each user's own account, and there are no common security issues such as large arrays. So Starcoin can easily implement the official standard library Stdlib, define contracts with some basic functions, and make it convenient for other contracts to call. Starcoin's Stdlib is implemented using Move, which not only includes some chain-related core logic, such as enhanced PoW consensus, economic models, etc., but also includes some basic protocols, such as Token protocol, on-chain governance DAO, NFT protocol, Oracle protocol, contract upgrade protocol, Config protocol, etc. For the introduction and use of these protocols, you can view a more detailed introduction here.

DAO: DAO protocol

NFT: NFT protocol

Oracle:Oracle protocol

Token: Token protocol

Config: Config protocol

Contract: Contract upgrade protocol

Config Module in Stdlib

Config is a general module in Stdlib, used to store and manipulate some common configurations. In Starcoin's Stdlib, there are many features that use the Config module to store some global configurations:

  • VMConfig
  • ConsensusConfig
  • RewardConfig
  • OnchainConfig

Advantages to doing this:

  • Avoid hard coding
  • Unified management
  • If necessary, you can update these configurations at any time to avoid hard forks

Source Code of Config

Functions of the Config module are similar to the Map with generics, and the stored Value can be obtained through the Key. Although there are many functions in Stdlib, the code of the contract is very concise:

  • Config is used to store the payload
  • ModifyConfigCapability saves the account_address which modified the Config permission, after modification, a ConfigChangeEvent will be generated

Operator Functions in Config Module:

  • "get_by_address" function: Acquire ConfigValue from addr
  • "config_exsit_by_address" function: Determine whether there is ConfigValue in addr
  • "set" function: Set Config to a new payload value, which can be modified only with ModifyConfigCapability permission
  • "publish_new_config": Generate a new config

Usage of Config

Since the Config module had lots of convenience, the global configuration of Stdlib is managed by the Config contract, and it is combined with the governance function on the chain to ensure the security of the global configuration in Stdlib. Here we use RewardConfig to understand the use of the Config module:

RewardConfig is stored under GENESIS_ADDRESS (Genesis Account is the genesis account of Starcoin, has no private key, and is not managed by anyone), and is used to save the configuration related to block rewards. Only one variable "reward_delay" in RewardConfig, which means the number of blocks for delayed payment of rewards:

  • "initialize" function: Initialization function, call Config::publish_new_config to set RewardConfig
  • "new_reward_config" function: Generate a RewardConfig instance according to the specified reward_delay (new_reward_config function and Config::set function can update RewardConfig)
  • "get_reward_config" function: call Config::get_by_address function to get the latest RewardConfig

Summarize

Config is a global module, any account can be used to store and manage the configuration in its own address. In order to avoid the problem of large arrays, Config does not use arrays to implement it, which is safe and reliable. Some global configurations of Starcoin are saved under the Genesis Account account using the Config contract. Those interested can view the complete code.

Originally published at https://starcoin.org.

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Starcoin is a proof-of-work blockchain that enables secure smart contracts to power services in decentralized finance, gaming and NFTs.

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Starcoin

Starcoin

Starcoin is a proof-of-work blockchain that enables secure smart contracts to power services in decentralized finance, gaming and NFTs.

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